Wild fisheries are essential to global food security but are facing immense pressure from overfishing to climate change. Aquaculture is now a major form of seafood production globally, but has thus far largely supplemented fisheries. In theory, aquaculture could be used to reduce pressures on wild-caught stocks by replacing some catch, reducing its reliance on wild aquatic feed, and optimizing wild seed sources. However, little effort has been given to reconcile fisheries sustainability with aquaculture expansion and food security. The Froehlich Lab is exploring the theoretical and practical potential of actively incorporating aquaculture into fisheries management for more sustainable seafood production.
NOAA Sea Grant Project (2019-2021): Assessing policy barriers for mariculture in the United States while accounting for fisheries context
Exploring the conservation impacts of cell-based seafood (2019-2021): Lessons from Aquaculture
ICES Working Group (2019-2021): Scenario Planning on Aquaculture
Cottrell, Richard S., J.L. Blanchard, B.S. Halpern, M. Metian, and H.E. Froehlich. 2020. Global Adoption of Novel Aquaculture Feeds Could Substantially Reduce Forage Fish Demand by 2030. Nature Food 1(5): 301–8. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-020-0078-x.
Froehlich, H.E., N. Sand Jacobsen, T.E. Essington, T. Clavelle, B.S. Halpern. 2018. Avoiding the Ecological Limits of Forage Fish for Fed Aquaculture. Nature Sustainability. 10.1038/s41893-018-0077-1
Clavelle, T., S.E. Lester, R.R. Gentry, H.E. Froehlich. 2019. Interactions and management for the future of marine aquaculture and capture fisheries. Fish Fish. 10.1111/faf.12351
Gentry, R.R., H. E. Froehlich, D. Grimm, P. Kareiva, M. Parke, M. Rust, S.D. Gaines, and B. S. Halpern. 2017. Mapping the Global Potential for Marine Aquaculture. Nature Eco. Evo. 10.1038/s41559-017-0257-9